Orthodontics is a type of dentistry that corrects teeth and jaw alignment problems using devices such as dental braces (fixed appliances), plates and headgear.
Orthodontic treatment is often recommended to correct problems such as a protruding lower jaw, protruded upper teeth (buck teeth) or crooked and crowded teeth. Early intervention and treatment is often preferred to prevent more serious problems from developing.
As the basic process involved in moving teeth is the same at any age, orthodontic treatement is also often successful for adults.
Orthodontic treatment options
The orthodontist or dentist will take detailed records of your teeth and jaws, diagnose the problem, plan the treatment and carry out the care. Corrective orthodontic devices includes:
Dental braces (fixed appliances) – tiny brackets are attached to the front of each tooth and wires are threaded through. The gentle and consistent pressure of the braces slowly moves and correctly repositions the teeth. The braces generally need to be adjusted by the orthodontist or dentist every month or month or two.
Rubber bands – During treatment, patients may need to have rubber bands attached for additional force for the correction of bite.
Retainers – These are used when the braces are removed and retaining appliances (retainers) are fitted to hold teeth steady in their new position.
Headgear – This is used most often to restrict forward growth of a prominent upper jaw in a growing patient.
Risks of orthodontic treatment
Dental hygiene problems: braces and wires make cleaning the teeth more difficult. This can cause tooth decay, discolouration and permanent marks.
Soft tissue injury: the braces may dig into or traumatise the gums and cheeks.
Relapse: the corrected teeth may misalign themselves again, once the braces are removed. This risk is the most important reason why generally it will be suggested that retainer plates are worn after removal of braces.
It is very important that you clean your braces or plate every time you brush your teeth. Braces can act as a ‘plaque trap’, increasing the amount of plaque on yourteeth, which can lead to tooth decay, tooth discolouration and gum disease.
Note: The information provided on this page is general orthodontic information and does not cover in detail all the aspects and complexities of orthodontic treatment.
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